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Otumfuo Yaw Dua I did well by not signing Bond of 1844 – Asiedu Nketiah on historical significance

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Even when coastal states signed a politico-security treaty with British invaders in 1844, the Asante nation had long been autonomous.

The decision of the then-Asanteman leadership, commanded by Otumfuo Nana Kwaku Dua I (25 August 1834 – 27 April 1867), ensured that the Ashantis remained a force until later years, when they were designated as a protectorate of the British territory.

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According to the National Democratic Congress (NDC) national chairman, Johnson Asiedu Nketiah, Otumfuo Kwaku Dua I did well by staying away from the bond.

In a video shared by the Ashanti Kingdom page on Twitter (now X), Asiedu Nketiah expatiated: “It happened that Asante was not part of colonization, the Otumfuo did not sign the Bond of 1844, thus the Asante nation was not under any colony.

“So the colony comprised Central, Eastern and Western Region chiefs who signed treaty to be protected against the Ashanti kingdom.

“They wanted support in case the Asantes waged war. Asanteman all through that time was an independent state. We were not part of the Bond of 1844,” he stressed.

According to DBpedia, an online history source, “The Bond of 1844 was an agreement signed between Fante chiefs and the British government. It was signed on 6 March 1844 in Ghana, which was then known as the Gold Coast.

“It specified a relationship between the British and the local chiefs, who were the main parties in the treaty. The British viewed the agreement as an understanding to take part in the administration of justice and the enforcement of their laws in the local states, but the local leaders saw the agreement as a military and defense contract only.

“The bond was signed at Fomena-Adansi, allowing the British to use judicial authority from African courts.”

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